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The deployment manager is responsible for deploying apps into the PNDA cluster and configuring all components of the cluster, using descriptor files in the application .tar file. The deployment manager currently was quickly ported to Kubernetes, with sufficient changes to allow the PNDA console to work. There is not yet any functionality to deploy applications into Kubernetes. 

A PNDA app is composed by one or more of the following component types. For each component, deployment-manager must be adapted to work with microservices in k8s instead of PNDA nodes (VMs/Baremetal) as before. Here are notes for transitioning each component type deployment: 


An oozie application, consisting of a workflow and/or coordinator plus a set of supporting libraries and/or scripts (e.g. a Pig or Spark application). A coordinator runs periodically on a defined schedule, whereas a workflow must be manually run by using the start application API each time you want to run it. The job properties will automatically include all variables known to the deployment manager.

Oozie has not been integrated in cloud-native PNDA. Before integrating oozie, we should investigate more modern alternatives, mainly Apache Airflow


A spark streaming application. A text file named will be automatically appended with all variables known the the deployment manager and made available on the classpath.

PNDA deployment-manager creates a systemd service to manage the state of deployed sparkStreaming applications. To migrate to k8s, an option is to use a k8s Deployment to deploy sparkstreaming applicaiton in client-mode. spark-streaming application can be managed directly with the kubernetes API. For example can be stopped by scaling deployment to 0, started by scaling deployment to 1, and the status been the status of the POD.


A flink streaming application or a flink batch application. A text file named will be automatically appended with all variables known the the deployment manager and made available on the classpath.

Similar to sparkStreaming, flinkStreaming apps are managed with systemd.


We have integrated jupyterhub in Cloud-Native PNDA. Jupyterhub allows multiple users to register and creates a single pod with a corresponding volume to store each user's notebooks. To make notebooks from an application available to users, deployment-manager copies (with scp) notebooks to the PNDA node running jupyter server. This process must be modified for jupyterhub on k8s. One option is to copy file to jupyter k8s volumes. However this can become meassy. zero-to-jupyterhub-k8s recommendation ( is to use nbgitpuller to synchronize a folder. nbgitpuller synchronize the master branch of a repository into  a folder in the user volume. We can deploy a git server in k8s (maybe and make deployment-manager create a git repo and add PNDA application's notebooks to a folder in that repo. Then we configure jupyterhub to use nbgitpuller to synchronize the repo. 

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